Project planning phases
The planning of transport infrastructure projects becomes more detailed as it progresses. The precision of planning and decision-making for each phase will be coordinated with land use planning.
The planning of road and railway projects progresses in stages:
1) preliminary study
2) general plan
3) road and rail plan and
4) construction plan
Not all planning phases are always needed if the impacts of the project are assessed to be minor. If necessary, phases can be combined.
The general plan for waterway projects is followed by an application for a permit in accordance with the Water Act to apply for the rights to implement the project. The water permit process is followed by construction planning, just as in road and rail projects.
The planning work related to a road project is always based on the monitoring of traffic and road conditions and the conditions of the environment near the road and anticipating their development. Railway projects are underpinned by the development of the railway network and the maintenance of its operability. Waterway projects are based on the development of the routes needed for merchant shipping and other waterway traffic.
When planning a new road or the upgrade of an existing road or a new railway or the upgrade of a track section, planning must be based on a plan described in the provisions laid down in the Land Use and Building Act. The planning of waterways is not based on land use planning. Instead, the location of the waterway is decided on in a permit that complies with the Water Act. However, planning matters are taken into account when granting the permit.
The phases for road and railway planning are related to land use planning as follows:
The preliminary study phase includes an evaluation on the need and timing of road and rail projects at the approximate level of accuracy of the regional plan and the general plan. During the preliminary study phase, there may be numerous alternative options for the location of the waterway. More detailed planning will reduce the number of alternatives.
General planning covers land use planning either at the general plan level or the local detailed plan level. A general plan defines the approximate location of a road and railway, the need for space and how these relate to surrounding land use.
The preparation of a road and railway plan is the detailed planning of roads and railways that aims at the implementation of the project. The road area and railway area needed on the basis of a valid road and rail plan will be taken possession of for the purpose of the construction of the road and railway. The road and railway plan correspond to the precision of a local detailed plan.
Construction planning is related to the immediate implementation of the project, is often included in the contract and is only carried out once the project funding has been arranged.