Skip to content

Railway network

The Finnish Transport Infrastructure Agency is responsible for the management, development and maintenance of the Finnish rail network. The Agency’s activities are aimed at maintaining the operating condition of the rail network in order to ensure its safe and efficient use.

An aerial view of a train station: a lake and urban settlement can be seen in the background.

In 2022, the length of the Finnish national rail network was 5,918 km, of which 5,645 km is trafficable. There are 5,205 km of single-track lines and 713 km of double or multiple tracks.

The length of the electrified single-track line is 2736 km and that of two or more tracks is 713 km.

Nearly EUR 200 million a year is spent on track maintenance.

The rail width of the Finnish rail network is 1524 mm, which differs from the rail width of 1435 mm in use in most parts of Europe. The electric railway voltage is 25 kV and frequency 50 Hz. For most of the rail network, the maximum authorised axle weight is 22.5 tonnes. In certain parts of the rail network, an axle weight of 25 tonnes is also permitted. The speed limit for passenger trains is 220 km/h, and 120 km/h for freight trains.

The Finnish rail network is connected to Sweden via Tornio, and to Russia via Vainikkala, Imatrankoski, Niirala and Vartius.

The parties responsible of the Railway network

Finnish Transport Infrastructure Agency
•    railway network
•    railway network maintenance
•    platform areas 
•    platform displays
•    station announcements
•    traffic control
•    passenger traffic
•    on-board announcements
•    ticket sales